The logistical challenges allowed all parties involved to take advantage of favourable market conditions. In the future, the requirements of the agreement for cultural heritage assessment requirements will continue. The improved relationship and flexibility that has been demonstrated by both parties in these particular circumstances provides a solid framework for ongoing engagement. The agreement also included a cultural heritage protocol, which describes procedures for notifying the people of Ngarluma of the collection of heritage applications, the completion of these surveys and the cultural heritage management recommendations identified in the investigation. The agreement provided the necessary governance structure to enable initial discussions between the iron ore company and the people of Ngarluma on the definition of the conditions under which cultural heritage investigations were to be conducted. The strengthening of the relationship allowed for relatively free progress in cultural heritage investigations over the 16-month period, which helped to meet the land-use requirements for the enlargement programme. These issues can be complex in all circumstances, but even more so when communities live in areas subject to extreme weather conditions, including monsoon and cyclones. We have long been a champion of indigenous rights in Australia and today we are proud supporters of the Uluru Declaration. We have agreements on all of our operations to ensure that Aboriginal people have a say on the ground in exploiting the benefits of mining in their communities. We try to play a positive role in the communities in which we operate, as well as in society at large WCCT and WCCCC are not parties to our agreement, but were created by our agreement to serve the best interests of traditional ownership groups.

Communications relating to committee meetings continue to be transmitted by word of mouth and published on each communal table to ensure that all bases are covered. Regular visits planned by the Weipa Communities team are essential both for building relationships and for communicating on the implementation of agreements and their results. To manage the agreement and distribute the contributions received to facilitate community development for traditional ownership groups, WCCCA established the Western Cape Communities Trust (WCCT) and the Western Cape Communes Coordinating Committee (WCCCC). Image copyright © Rio Tinto 2017 Text Copyright © Rio Tinto March 2016. Reproduced with Rio Tinto`s permission. This content contains excerpts from Why Agreements Matter: a resource guide for integrating agreements into Communities and Social Performance work at Rio Tinto. We will review investment areas by the end of 2021 to ensure that they remain relevant to our communities and produce sustainable results. During the negotiation of the agreement, one of the main concerns of the people of Ngarluma was to ensure that the Ngarluma carried out comprehensive cultural heritage surveys, in collaboration with heritage specialists, before any mining activity. In addition, the agreement recognizes that some sites are of such importance to the Ngarluma that they are excluded from mining or other development effects. Recognition of this point was the key to reaching the agreement with the Ngarluma people.

Rio Tinto`s iron ore plant in the Pilbara region of Western Australia comprises 15 active mines, 1,700 kilometres of railway and four independent port terminals. The company has entered into participation agreements with the nine Aboriginal groups that traditional owners of the country where the mines and infrastructure are located. Both parties agreed that the processes and processes for cultural heritage investigations should not change if this could affect the quality of the work done. The health and safety of all those involved in the investigations was of the utmost importance and no changes to the investigation model could endanger health and safety.